Secularization of Turkey, Israel, and Saudi Arabia – Essay Example
The paper "Secularization of Turkey, Israel, and Saudi Arabia" is an exceptional example of a history essay.
The main driver of the foreign policy of Turkey has been a surge for independence. Turkey would have been a nonaligned country had Prime Minister Erdogan his way. He would have made the country completely independent from blocs. So the main driver of the foreign policy of Turkey is independence, sovereignty, and nationalism. Turkey needs a Turkish foreign policy without projecting an image that it is following a foreign policy of the West.
Israel is anomalous in terms of the way it relates to the secular, Orthodox, and non-Orthodox Jews in its pattern of secularization. Israel largely considers itself non-observant and secular. Central spheres of social life and government in Israel are free from religious control including education, military, law, and economy. The country displays noteworthy departure from rigorous secular models. “[I]n the case of Israel, the mainspring of secularism has been the reordering of Jewish collective identity, not necessarily the realization of liberal values” (Fischer).
While the country has a strong reputation for religious domination, secularism has been a reality in Saudi Arabia for many decades. Accounts from the 1950s suggest that Saudi society was secularized, at least in parts. Women singers could be heard over state television. Cinemas attracted the local middle class in Jeddah. Around the mid-20th century, concomitantly with the support of the state for a new class of intellectuals, secular activism started to evolve in Saudi Arabia in different forms (Lacroix). However, Islam was, is, and will continue to play a prime role in the policymaking and law enforcement in Saudi Arabia.