The Department of Orthopedics: Musculoskeletal System – Essay Example

The paper "The Department of Orthopedics: Musculoskeletal System" is a worthy example of an essay on health studies&medicine.
Musculoskeletal system main function in the body is to provide it with support as it consists of muscles, ligaments, tendons, cartilage and connecting tissues. The most common diseases of the system are Rheumatoid Arthritis which is an autoimmune disease of the joints, Muscular Dystrophy; a collective of genetic disorders past in a lineage that is characterized by degeneration of the skeletal muscles. Other common diseases are Osteoporosis that majorly affects the human bones and Spondylitis. This affects the spine, leading to an irritation thereby leading to persistent pain (Welch 2012).
The principal surgical procedures here are a total replacement of the damaged hips, joints, knee, shoulder and the ankle. There is also the repair of the Rotator cuff and the Arthroscopic and spine surgeries. Some of the radiological and laboratory diagnosis is the X-Rays.
The Department of Pulmonology (Respiratory System)
This department is concerned with the breathing system of the human body majorly the lungs, lymphatic system and the respiratory muscles. The common diseases that affect the respiratory system are such as Tonsillitis, Bronchitis, Laryngitis, Pneumonia, Bronchiectasis, Influenza and Asthma. Others are Lung Cancer and Tuberculosis.
Examples of the procedures performed by a doctor to help determine the type of lung disease are pulmonary function testing & Rehabilitation, Home Oxygen testing, Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing and Bronchoscopy. The main radiological diagnostic services performed here are such as Diffusion Lung Carbon Monoxide, Chest X-Rays, Methacholine Bronchoprovocation and Cardiac Stress Tests (Welch 2012).
The Department of Gastroenterology (Digestive System)
This department is majorly involved with the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases resulting from the digestion in areas such as the Oesophagus, Stomach, the Intestines and the Rectum. The Digestive system is usually affected by diseases such as severe Gastroesophageal Reflux, Diverticulitis, Cirrhosis Rectal problems such as anal fissure and rectal prolapsed. Others are Dysphagia and Peritonitis.
The principal procedures in this department are Colonoscopy, Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), Endoscopic Ultrasonography (EUS), Flexible Sigmoidoscopy and the Anorectal manometry. The Laboratory and Radiological services include cancer screening like colonoscopy, video capsule endoscopy, gastrointestinal radiology, and Spectroscopy and Genitourinary radiology.