Jdce & Discrmntn Contmp Soc Discussion Boars 10/24 – Book Report/Review Example

Sociology: Historical foundation for gender and racial pay gap. Gender pay gap refers to the difference between male and female earnings. On the other hand, racial pay gap refers to the difference in payment between people depending on their races (Abby, et al 103).
Gender pay gap is attributed to the differences in the workplace or personal characteristics between male and females. Sociologists argue that women are more likely to have interrupted careers (e.g. child care, pregnancy or elder care) as compared to men, and thus taking time off for their family issues. For this reason, women are employed for part time jobs or helping and support jobs. They are not considered comparable in pay to male’s work.
Racial pay gap is another phenomenon that exists in the US labor market. It is a state where people are paid according to their races. This means that the African Americans are likely to be earning different salaries from the white Americans. Historical factors are attributed to the racial pay gap. Historically, Africans were generally termed as Negros. This means that they were associated with the primates. They were also used as slaves. Because of these historical factors, it is possible that some races are treated as inferior and hence are likely to be paid less irrespective of the work output (Abby, et al 111).
In most cases, women’s pay equals that of men until the age when women begin having children. It is hypothesized that the pressure of the family forces their pay to shrinks. This is because the need to take care of the children would force women to leave their jobs. in some situations, the females are forced to compromise their careers in order to take care of their children. When they return, they find that their pay rates have being diminished (Abby, et al 113).
Another factor that can be attributed to the gender pay gap is the poor policies. It is certain that the existing policies do not take into consideration the significance of maternity leave. The government can also come up with policies that ensure that there is pay equity and no racial differences in the labor market. These policies will make sure that jobs are given to the people who are qualified, despite their race or gender. There is also a need of flexible work schedules that will help women stay in the workforce. This will give women the power to choose when and where to get the work done (Abby, et al 123).
Work cited
Abby Ferber, Christina Jimenez, Andrea O’Reilly Herrera, and Dena Samuels. The Matrix Reader: Examining the Dynamics of Oppression and Privilege. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Publishers, 2009
Work cited
^"Are Women Earning More Than Men?". Forbes.com. May 12, 2006.
^Hekman, David R.; Aquino, Karl; Owens, Brad P.; Mitchell, Terence R.; Schilpzand, Pauline; Leavitt, Keith. (2009) An Examination of Whether and How Racial and Gender Biases Influence Customer Satisfaction. Academy of Management Journal
^Bakalar, Nicholas (2009) “A Customer Bias in Favor of White Men.” New York Times. June 23, 2009, page D6
 ^abVedantam, Shankar (2009) “Caveat for Employers.” Washington Post, June 1, 2009, page A8
 ^ab Jackson, Derrick (2009) “Subtle, and stubborn, race bias.” Boston Globe, July 6, 2009, page A10
 ^ab National Public Radio, Lake Effect
 ^abGender Wage Gap Is Feminist Fiction by Arrah Nielsen, Independent Womens Forum, April 15, 2005