Community Based Participatory Research – Book Report/Review Example
Community-Based Participatory Research Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is a study ensures the community and other relevant stakeholders are included in issue-based research (Blessing & Gorister, 2013). The study is structured to ensure collaborative participation of the community, which has been influenced by the issue under study, is encouraged. The involvement of community should be in the whole process from research conception to data analysis and the results.
The four qualitative study designs that can be used in CBPR are focus groups, in-depth interviews, Action-Oriented Community diagnosis (AOCD) and photo voice. AOCD is qualitative research design that is focused on examining the health status of a community. It examines the relationship structures within a community and any other structures that encourage or impede health progress. It starts with a research conception, an orientation tour and data collection (Blessing & Gorister, 2013). Researchers interact with different community members and take notes to understand relationship dynamics.
Focus groups research design is characterized by the selection of a group of people to act as the focus group. They are asked questions, found in the focus group modulator file, to determine their views and knowledge on some issues. It gives clinicians and any other research to understand the characteristics of the group based on the purpose of the group. Findings from focus groups can be used to derive the implication of their responses in the state whole community.
In photo voice, people have the opportunity to talk about their personal and community strengths (Blessing & Gorister, 2013). They can raise their concerns. It is a very effective research because it provides the researchers with an opportunity to listen to personal testimonies of different participants regarding the community. Photo voice research can help researchers understand the critical areas of concern in a community. It ensures intervention procedures are effective by analyzing community beliefs and culture.
In-depth interviews play a significant role when it comes to data collection. Community members can be interviewed on different matters to obtain information that can be used to guide intervention strategies (Blessing & Gorister, 2013). It can unstructured, structured or semi-structured. Unstructured in-depth interviews do not have defined a set of questions. The researcher will ask questions as they emerge.
Blessing, J. D., & Gorister, J. (2013). Introduction to Research and Medical Literature for Health Professionals (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett.