Application of Roy Adaptation Model in the Nursing Practice – Article Example

The paper "Application of Roy Adaptation Model in the Nursing Practice" is an exceptional example of an article review on nursing. The development and utilization of nursing models and theories in the nursing practice are among the areas that have been experiencing a constant growth in the recent past. Roy Adaptation Model is among the models that are popularly used in the nursing practice. According to an article entitled as “Nursing care of patients with rheumatoid arthritis:-An application of Roy’s adaptation model” written by Jayasree Radhamaniamma in 2013, and published in the Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, RAM is a well-suited conceptual model that is applied as a guide for Rheumatology nursing practice. Nonetheless, it can be used with all types of patients and in various settings (Radhamaniamma, 2013).  According to the article, RAM was developed primarily to help medical practitioners, particularly nurses, accomplish the goal of nursing which is a patient adaptation. Nurses are required to uphold adaptation by making ineffective responses adaptive, while at the same time maintaining the effective adaptive responses. This article has demonstrated the application of RAM in the nursing care by using a case study of a patient who was suffering from Rheumatoid arthritis for six years. After assessing the patient, a nursing care plan was developed which involved all the six stages of a standard nursing plan. Application of RAM played a leading role in assessing the maladaptive comportments of the sick in the four modes involved and the relevant stimuli affecting maladaptation (Radhamaniamma, 2013). It also enhanced proper communication, directed a complete assessment and suggested a comprehensive nursing care plan. Nonetheless, the author of this article suggests that nurses who use this model should have good observation and therapeutic communication skills. Similar findings were reported by an article entitled “The Roy Adaptation Model in Practice” that was published on the Boston College website. According to this article, RAM is applied as a basis or framework for conceptualizing and planning the care of sick, as well as for creating interventions for discrete clinical populations (William Connell School of Nursing, 2014). The model can also be used as an approach of documenting compliance with the nursing processes; for integrating the professional basis of patient care; for guiding practice and as part of a shared governance strategy; and for facilitating an integrated system of nursing among many other applications. A case study in this article shows that a nurse was able to promote a patient’s adaptive strategies in all the four adaptive modes, which ultimately improved his health.  In conclusion, after analyzing these two articles, it is clear that RAM  provides a practical framework for assessment and planning, helps in systematic implementation, as well as evaluation in the nursing care. Nurses can use the model to help them assess the maladaptive behaviours of the patients and relevant stimuli affecting maladaptation. It also enhances proper communication, directs assessment, and helps in establishing a comprehensive nursing care plan. All these results in the enhancement of the patients’ health status.