Risk Assesment – Admission/Application Essay Example
Assessment of Risks. Disasters in our lives are a result the constipation of both natural hazards as well as social and economic factors which expose persons to risks. Natural disasters such famine, landslides, earthquakes and epidemics have had a long reputation of threatening humanity but also a good chunk of the world’s population encounter risks in unnoticeable events such as violent conflicts, hunger and disease. There are many people the world over losing their lives to violent conflicts, preventable diseases and other natural factors yet the deaths could have been prevented in different political and socio-economic conditions. These people could have had longer lives and enjoyed better living conditions had their economic been different or had they been in a different place. It is therefore important to study and understand why individuals and societies sometimes choose to expose themselves to hazards and risks when selecting places to live or settle.
A point worth understanding about the occurrence of disasters is that are not only natural but also products of social and economic as well as political situations. Different aspects of the human social environment come into play to influence people’s decisions in settling in place which hazardous. There are very many individuals living in adverse economic conditions which have obliged them to settle in places vulnerable to disasters. Political and economic reasons also play an important role in such decisions. The distribution of assets, inequalities in incomes, access to basic resources like information as well as knowledge is some of the political-economic reasons. Wars and conflicts in certain regions have resulted into people being displaced and settling in disastrous areas; in Afghanistan, Ethiopia and other conflict prone nations for instance it has coincided with famine and influenced people’s settlement in places that are risky.
In conclusion therefore disasters can be as a result of the complex interactions between natural hazards and the human nature itself. Social, political and economic factors play an important role in the decisions people take in terms of exposure to hazards. Distribution of income, political conflicts, war and other human factors such as poverty influence the decisions by many people to live in places which are vulnerable to disasters.
1. Ben Wisner, Piers Blaikie, Terry Cannon and Ian Davis. At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability and Disasters 2nd ed (2003).